KEY No. 2: THE SPIRIT OF GOD +THE WORD OF GOD
The prophet Jeremiah called the Word of God “a fire shut up in his bones” (Jere. 20:9). It’s one thing to have a head knowledge of God’s truth, but it’s
quite another to feel the burning of God’s Spirit deep inside you. That
holy anointing of Fire makes you to proclaim His message of judgment even when you’d rather bury that unpopular message
because the only thing people want to hear from God is that “He loves everybody the same and would never send anybody,
good or bad, to hell”. But the God
of the Bible is a consuming Fire (Hebrews 12:29). He is to be served with godly fear.
That same Holy Fire which empowers Christians to testify to the power of Christ is also to be held in dread by the
wicked and unbelievers, and if they refuse to reverence Him in this world they will be driven to their knees by fear of His
terrible Majesty in the world to come. Every knee will eventually bow to Christ
and say He is Lord, whether it be as personal Savior in this life or as personal judge in the next (Romans 14:11; Phil. 2:10).
Time and again the Holy Spirit reminds me of Scripture verses which fortify me with faith in God’s
faithfulness to provide something I need or to solve some problem. That is how
He breathes life into otherwise dead Scripture passages and uses them to speak to me in time of need. Jesus promises His disciples in John 14:26: But the Comforter, Which
is the Holy Ghost, Whom the Father will send in My Name, He shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance,
whatsoever I have said unto you. *****The Holy Spirit is SO faithful to remind me of Scriptures I’ve studied in
the past to help me evaluate some of the “new” doctrines going around the church today. He reminds me of portions of Scripture which have direct bearing
upon any problem or situation I may be facing.
Jesus is the Way, the TRUTH, and the Life (John 14:6). If
you’re a Christian believer, only what Jesus says about you is the real truth.
Jesus is the Living Word of God (John 1:1). What does the written expression of God’s Word have to say about
Scriptures to Fortify A Believer Against Insults
Lie no. 1: You’re UGLY!
THE TRUTH: The Lord shall beautify the meek
with salvation (Psalms 149:4).
Let the Beauty of the Lord our God be upon
us (Psalms 90:17).
Lie no. 2: You’re WORTHLESS!
THE TRUTH: And they shall be mine, saith the Lord of Hosts, in that day when I make up My
jewels (literally: special treasure) [Malachi 4:17).
Forasmuch as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things
such as silver and gold...but with the precious
Blood of Christ
(I Peter 1: 18-19)
Lie no. 3: You’re a NOBODY!
THE TRUTH: Beloved, now are we the sons of God (I John 3:2).
The Spirit Himself bears witness to our spirit,
that we are the children of God; And
if children, then heirs of God, and joint-heirs
with Christ (Romans
Lie no. 4: NOBODY WANTS ANYTHING TO DO WITH YOU!!
THE TRUTH: The righteous shall compass me
about, for You shall deal bountifully with me (Psalms 142:7).
Wherefore, seeing we are compassed about
by) so great a cloud of witnesses…..(Heb.12:1).
Lo, I am with you always, even unto the end
of the world
I will not leave you comfortless: I will
come to you (John
Behold, I stand at the door and knock: If anyone hears My voice and opens
the door, I will come inside and dine with
him, and he with Me
( Revelation 3:20).
Christ is a friend Who sticks closer than a brother (Proverbs 18:24).
Lie no. 5: I’M RICH, AND YOU’RE
POOR! HA HA HA!
THE TRUTH: A little that a righteous man
has is better than the riches of many wicked (Psalms 37: 16).
Neither their silver nor their gold will
be able to save them in the day of the Lord’s wrath (Zephaniah 1:18).
Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon
earth, where moths and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal; But
lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys,
nor thieves break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also (Matthew 6:19-21).
The meek shall inherit the earth, and shall
delight themselves in the abundance of peace ( Psalms 37:11; Matthew 5:5: see footnote1)
...To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled,
and that fadeth not away, which is reserved in heaven for you (I Peter 1:4)..
He who overcomes (the enemy) will inherit
all things; and I will be his God, and he will be my son (Revelation 21:7).
Lie no. 6: I’M RICH ENOUGH TO
SHOP THE BEST STORES, AND MY CLOTHES MAKE YOURS LOOK LIKE RAGS! (A favorite with
THE TRUTH: Being puffed up with pride over a rich wardrobe isn’t new. In Isaiah
3:16-24 God rebukes the fashion queens of Zion, who go traipsing about in seductive apparel, on the lookout for guys. Their
seductive perfume attracts men like bees go for honey. Today the most alluring
scents are those endorsed by top celebrities, and do they pack a walloping price!. Celebrity
perfumes are so expensive you get just half an ounce in the smallest size (one tablespoon of product), and all the rest is
just empty bottle! But these vain girls in Isaiah were splashing it on to show how desirable they were. Rich kids (and rich
preachers) love to show off their fancy jewelry and accessories. In this passage
God rebukes the girls for their mincing walk and wanton eyes. His judgment appears in verse 24: And it shall come to pass, instead of sweet smell there shall be stink;
and instead of a girdle (sash) a rent (tear); and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher (jeweled bodice) a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.
The fashion of this world will pass away (I Corinthians 7:31).
Woe unto you who are rich! For you have received
Listen now, you rich people, weep and lament
because of the miseries that shall come upon you.
Your riches have rotted, and your garments are motheaten. Your gold and silver are corroded, and their corrosion will
be a witness against you, and will consume your flesh like fire. You have heaped
up riches for the last days (James 5:1-2). Your life on earth has been one of pleasure and lust, and you have fattened yourselves for the day of slaughter (verse 5).
Lie no. 7: YOU’VE GOT A REPULSIVE
THE TRUTH: I will praise You; for I am awesomely and wonderfully made (Psalms 139:14).
Know you not that you are the Temple of God,
and that the Spirit of God dwells in you (I Corinthians 3:16)?
...Who (Jesus) shall change our vile (humble) bodies, and make them like His own glorious body, using the same power whereby He is
able to bring all things under His rule (Philippians 3:21).
Lie no. 8: YOUR REPUTATION WILL BE SHOT ALL TO HELL WHEN I’M DONE!
THE TRUTH: You will be protected from the scourge of the tongue, and need not fear when destruction comes (Job 5:21).
You (God) will hide them
in the Secret Place of Your Presence from the arrogance of men. You will shelter
them in Your dwelling from the strife of tongues (Psalms 20). No weapon formed against you will prosper; and you will successfully condemn every accusing tongue.
This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, and their righteousness comes from Me, saith the Lord (Isaiah
Your enemies will be found to be liars (Deuteronomy 33:29b).
Lie no. 9: (FROM RACISTS) I’M
PURE-BLOODED. YOU’RE A MONGREL!
THE TRUTH: (God) has made of ONE BLOOD all nations of mankind to dwell on the face of the earth (Acts 17:26a)
Lie no. 10: YOU’RE STUPID!
THE TRUTH: But unto them who are called,
both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God (I Corinthians I: 24).
…We (believers) have the
mind of Christ (I Corinthians 2:16b).
Lie no. 11: YOU WON’T GET ANYWHERE
IN LIFE! YOU’RE A LOSER!
THE TRUTH: …He who fears the Lord shall come forth of them all (Ecclesiastes 7:18b).
Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the LORD thy God is with thee
whithersoever thou goest (Joshua 1:9).
Lie no. 12: YOU AREN’T NORMAL!
THE TRUTH: So what? Noah wasn’t
considered “normal” by his peers either, but he alone survived the
Flood, along with his family. God remains true to His own Holy nature and
doesn’t “go with the flow” of majority opinion. He sided with only eight people (I Peter 3:19-20). The rest
of the world perished.
Lie no. 13: SO WHO’S GONNA STOP
ME FROM TALKIN’?
THE TRUTH: God will. A false witness shall not go unpunished, and he who speaks lies shall perish (Proverbs 19:9).
The lip of truth shall endure forever, but
a lying tongue only lasts for a moment (Proverbs 12:19).
I’ve just cited a baker’s dozen of the most
commonly heard bylines of bullies. Loud, boastful, venemous, mean, agressive
cowards who are a chip off the old block, their father satan. Pray for the inner
might to withstand their malicious lies and for the faith to believe what the
Word of God has to say about your position as one of His dear children. God’s written Word is to be the final authority
in all matters of truth and morality, and that should settle it. God’s
Word is forever settled in heaven (Psalms 119:89). That includes what God has
to say about you or anything else. A bully’s lying tongue will soon pass
away and never be heard again except in hell. But the Word of God will last throughout all the ages of eternity (I Peter 1:25). Don’t just read and memorize the Word, ask the Holy Spirit to breathe
life into it both within your heart and outward in your circumstances, so that all things might work together for your good (Romans 8:28).
Now is the time to allow God to begin a process of deep healing in your soul. The devil has done his worst to tear you down socially, mentally, intellectually, emotionally, and perhaps
even physically. There is no better medicine for a wounded soul than the Word
of God. Jesus said, You shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free (John 8:32). The Word of God is activated
by the Holy Spirit (I Corinthians 2:4-5). He Himself makes God’s Word come
alive in our hearts in a way no human instructor can. It is futile to struggle to “snap out of” negative feelings
toward yourself which bullies have drilled into you over a long period of time. I’ve
tried it, and believe me, it doesn’t work. You couldn’t, by mere
exercise of “positive thinking”, cancel out an injury to a broken
arm. Your soul, which has suffered innumerable injuries, is just as real. It is the part of you which lives forever. Only
the power of God can heal a broken soul. Even Scripture possesses no power to
heal apart from the ministry of the Spirit of God, Who is able to apply the balm
of God’s truth to a heart shattered by lies. I feel that the Lord would have you to meditate on this prayer before we delve any further into this section:
Oh Father of All Mercy, grant a miracle to that dear one who is
reading this book. Let a holy anointing of Your Spirit be upon the Scriptures
which I share, that the lies of the Evil One may be counteracted. Let Your Holy
Truth even be an effective antidote for the vicious venom of that old serpent the devil, which was inflicted by many evil
tongues. Heavenly Father, let your Spirit of Truth heal that precious hurting
soul. O Lord Jesus, please stand as a barrier between the hurting person reading
this and any traumatic memories satan tries to dredge up to torment him or her. Put an impassable barrier of Your redeeming
Blood between that person and the destructive power of past injustices. Let the
Spirit of the Living Christ Himself be a Mighty Shield to come between those dark memories and the soul which You are healing.
Please, dear Lord, bring these Holy Scriptures to life, that they may even impart life to that one who
has been denied the joy of living by adversaries. Let Your River of Life go forth
to refresh the parched soul and revive it. For You Yourself have said in John
6:63: My words are spirit, and they are life.
In Jesus’ Holy Name, amen.
KEY No. 3: THE SPIRIT OF GOD + THE BLOOD OF JESUS
Through some miraculous process understood only by God, the Holy Spirit applies the precious Blood of
Jesus to the heart of repentant sinners to regenerate them spiritually, or bring about the new birth (Titus 3:5). As the Holy Spirit washes away sin with the Blood of Christ, old things pass away and all things become
new (2 Cor.5:17). Conflict arises when the devil tries to rebuild old structures of fear, inadequacy and oppression torn down
in a believer set free by Christ. Standing firm on the scriptural truth of who we are in Christ is a vital part of our spiritual
warfare against satan. It is through the blood of Christ that we have access to a Holy God and can petition Him for help in
time of need.
Heb.10:19: Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the
blood of Jesus,
Verse 20: By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is
to say, his flesh;
Verse 21: And having an high priest over the house of God;
Verse 22: Let us draw near
with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with
It is the blessed Holy Spirit within us who witnesses to our spirit that we are sons (and daughters)
of the Great King and are counted worthy to enter His very Presence (Rom.8:16). Thus
the Holy Spirit awakens to our spiritual understanding the efficacy of the sanctifying power of the Blood of the crucified
We have the right to claim this precious truth: Through Christ’s substitutionary suffering and
death on the Cross of Calvary, we are more than conquerors over the adversary of our soul (Rom.8:37).
Jesus allowed Himself to be killed so that he might triumph over, and ultimately destroy, the devil.
I John 3:8: He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the
beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.
Heb.2:14: Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also
himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the
Verse 15: And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
The bully is a terrorist who serves satan the devil. The
bully is an archenemy of God and His love.
The bully is the carrier of a nasty spiritual disease, FEAR! He infects
his poor victims with the the FEAR OF DEATH as he terrorizes them with fear of
emotional or bodily harm. I nearly passed out from fear as Butch threatened to
put my eyes out with a rubber band. His knife terrified me, and that miserable
bus driver did NOTHING about it! Butch assaulted me with a club. Maybe I would have fought back if the whole bus
hadn’t been cheering him on. That bus driver was an old man when he allowed
me to be DAILY physically and verbally assaulted on HIS bus. I just know that by now that old guy has passed on and had to answer to God for turning a blind eye to Butch.
The bully keeps his victim in BONDAGE to fear each and every day the victim is forced into contact with
him/her. I remember how much I hated school, which is tragic, because I have
a natural love of learning which only blossomed after I left high school. I hated school because I saw it as being a PRISON
OF FEAR!!! If it wasn’t tacks in my chair or emotional bullying it was
spitballs and shunning. Worst of all was the bus ride home. If I had been an
office worker being threatened with a knife or a club, the authorities would have taken it seriously and it wouldn’t
have gone on for very long. Even if I’d been spat on and verbally assaulted
in the workplace I could have filed a lawsuit against the company for violation of my civil rights. I wish I could have sued
somebody to get some small compensation for the misery I was subjected to, day in and day out! There is NO place for forgiveness
where there is no repentance, especially when the System tolerated the crime.
Back in 1968, American school kids had NO BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS!
They had NO RIGHT to a secure learning environment. Chewing a wad of gum was a more serious offense than destroying
a helpless girl. Bullying was treated like a rite of passage, a light-hearted joke, instead of the spiritually destructive
evil it is. Maybe the System is cracking down a little bit harder now, but you know the old saying about the barn door being
shut after the horse gets out. A HELL of a lot of damage has ALREADY been done,
and evil fruits are being reaped in a generation even more morally decayed than the one I grew up in.
Let all those who are entangled in an ongoing war with satan claim their RIGHT TO BE FREE of his prison
of fear! Pray in the power of the Holy Ghost, pleading your blood-bought rights
as a child of God! The Passover Lamb offered up by the Jews prefigured the Blood of Jesus shed for the sins of mankind. In Exodus 12:13 God promised the Israelites that when He saw the blood sprinkled on
the lintels and doorposts of their homes, that the avenging angel would pass over them and none of them would die. If you are redeemed, God sees the precious Blood of Jesus sprinkled on the doorpost of your heart, beloved,
and the avenging angel MUST pass over you and cannot destroy you.
The whole world lies in wickedness because of sin (I John 5:19). Death first entered into this world
because of sin (Rom.5:12). In Deuteronomy Chapter 28, God promised blessings of heath, peace and long life to those who would
faithfully serve him. But in that same chapter, He also detailed the CURSES which would fall upon those who disobeyed Him. Of interest to this section are these selected verses, followed by my own comments:
Verse 25: The LORD shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way
against them, and flee seven ways before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.* * * * *When you’re
bullied and KNOW there’s no way to win, all you want to do is flee to avoid an even worse bruising than you’re
Verse 28: The LORD shall smite thee with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart:* *
* * *What a battle it is to keep your sanity as your entire existence is subsumed in depression and fear! You’re so immersed in your personal cesspool of misery that you’re blind to everything else.
Verse 29: And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt
not prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee.* * * * *In the
choking thick blackness of my despair, I groped for answers but found none. Nothing
I did helped my situation. Nothing I struggled to achieve soothed the hurt heaped
upon me daily. NO ONE saved me from my persecutors. I had to suffer all alone, misunderstood, scorned and very vulnerable to attack.
Verse 30: Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house,
and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof.* * * * *Talk about
being on the bottom of the heap! Oppressed people work for the benefit of those
who are mean and strong enough to take away the fruits of their labor.
Verse 31: Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, and thou shalt not eat thereof: thine
ass shall be violently taken away from before thy face, and shall not be restored to thee: thy sheep shall be given unto thine
enemies, and thou shalt have none to rescue them.* * * * *The word “violently” conjures up the image of a street
punk holding a knife to you and demanding your last ten bucks. Bullies VIOLENTLY steal away the human dignity and peace of
another human being. The victim has no one to rescue him.
Verse 32: Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given unto another people, and thine eyes shall
look, and fail with longing for them all the day long: and there shall be no might in thine hand.* * * * *No might in thine
hand. That describes my own feelings so long ago.
I had no power to escape school or the torments it brought me each and every day.
No power to escape the acid drips eating away into my poor oppressed soul.
Verse 33 The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not
eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway:* * * * *Bullies are non-productive leeches who prey on others. Hardly a day went by that I didn’t feel a crushing load of depression on my
Verse 34: So that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.* * *
* *Just beholding all the cruelty everyday nearly drove me crazy. Only my anger
kept me going, and my determination that one day I would triumph over those evil beasts.
Verse 65: And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole
of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind:
Verse 66: And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and
shalt have none assurance of thy life:* * * * *Every day I worried that Butch would get even more aggressive and worried that
I wouldn’t make it through the school year without some severe injury.
Verse 67: In the morning thou shalt say, Would God
it were even! and at even thou shalt say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear,
and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.* * * * *That happened to me every day.
I wished the miserable day would end and I could curl up in my warm, cozy bed.
And I never stopped wishing my eternal night of darkness would end.
I quoted just a small part of the terrible Curse of the Law God promised to Israelites who rebelled
against His Word. Not one of us has lived up to God’s standards of righteousness
perfectly. But Galatians 3:13 declares that Christ has redeemed us from the Curse
of the Law by becoming a curse for us. Through the atoning death of Christ on
the Cross, God’s justice was satisfied. We who believe no longer owe any
penalty for our past sins and failures. The doom of the Law was nailed
upon the tree, and we have been set free from this terrible curse for time and eternity.
Many elements of the Curse of the Law are suffered by victims of bullying. Victims are “crushed and oppressed always” and have no rest for the sole of their foot. They’re always running away, never feeling at ease or secure. Their enemies rob them, afflict them, and make life hell for them.
Those redeemed by the blood of Jesus should NOT be suffering the Curse of the Law or anything like it.
Ephesians 2:6 teaches that God has seated us with Christ in heavenly places. We
don’t belong under the feet of the devil or his disgusting followers!
If you’re being bullied at school or work, remind
God that He has promised all His blood-bought children freedom from the Curse of the Law and all its oppressions. Satan has no right to enforce any kind of curse upon you. Plead
the precious blood of Jesus. If you feel helpless and overwhelmed, even go so
far as to ask your High Priest the Lord Jesus to intercede on your behalf to the Father for supernatural deliverance from
all your enemies. Pray for God’s intervention, and as you stand in faith
upon the promises of the Word of God, expect it!
Meditate upon this prayer, and make it your own, or offer up a similar prayer as you feel led:
Dear Heavenly Father,
I thank You that your only Son Jesus died to set me free from the penalty of broken Law. I confess that
I have been washed by the blood of the Lamb, Jesus Christ, and You behold me clad in His righteousness. I thank you that I
am NOT under the Curse of broken Law and that Jesus has set Me free. On the basis
of Your own Word I claim the right to be free from any harassment and oppression the devil
tries to put on me. Please intervene in my life and chase away my enemies. Please keep my heart and my mind in your peace.
In Jesus’ Holy Name, amen.
KEY No. 4: THE SPIRIT OF GOD + THE BLESSED NAME OF JESUS
Jesus promised in John 14:13-14: And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the
Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.
Believers are given the “power of attorney” to use the Name of Jesus
in making requests to God. That means we are given the legal right by God the Father to pray as if Jesus Himself were doing
the actual praying. If we offer up any request which is in keeping with the Word
of God and Spirit of Christ, we can rest assured that God the Father will put His stamp of approval on it and see that it
comes to pass. Jesus has delegated authority to Christians on earth to act and speak in His Name (Mark 16:17). It’s
a little like the Vice President signing bills under the authority of the President, who is off in some foreign land and can’t
personally be there to handle the pen at the bill-signing ceremony himself. In Luke 10:19 Jesus says to His disciples: Behold,
I give unto you power (Gk. exousia, authority) to tread on serpents and scorpions,
and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.
Serpents and scorpions are poisonous, stinging creatures which have the power to
kill, like vicious bullies. Jesus gives His people authority over ALL the power
of the enemy. Satan has no legal right in the sight of God to hurt those who
believe in Christ.
Believers are made one Spirit with Christ (I Cor.6:17). That is one reason we have legal right in the
sight of God to use His Name in prayer. If you have deep down assurance in your
spirit that your request is in keeping with the Word of God, you may present it to God the Father in perfect confidence.
I John 5:14: And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any
thing according to his will, he heareth us.
Verse 15: And if we know that he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know that we have the petitions
that we desired of him.
When you KNOW deep inside that God approves of your prayer, you may pray in the Name of Jesus, knowing
that your petition will come to pass. Jesus came to heal the broken-hearted, to set the captives free, and to set at liberty
those who are bruised (Luke 4:18). Who is more broken-hearted than a victim of bullying? Who is more bound by satan than a
person who lives in daily fear of insult and violence? Who is more bruised than
somebody who suffers repeated injuries with no time to heal? Pray for Jesus to
set you free from satan’s power to bind and bruise you! Remind Jesus that
part of His ministry is to destroy the works of the devil and set His people free from satan’s destructive power. Remind
Him that on the basis of Luke 4:18 that your prayer for help is in accordance with His Word. Pray for God to send angels to
bind the bullies and the wicked spirits driving them! Pray in the tongues of the Spirit for God to send His delivering power
into your life. Pray as often as you can, in your heart if not always audibly (I
In Acts 3:16 Peter tells wicked men that faith in the Name of Jesus has made a crippled
man well. Bullies cripple the emotions and often the health of their victims. Put
your faith in the blessed Name of Jesus to save and deliver you from the power of satan. Pray to your Heavenly Father for
help, uttering that Holy Name in faith, presenting your petitions as the Holy
Spirit leads you.
Trust in the Name of Jesus (Matt.12:21). Romans 10:13 promises that whoever calls
upon the Name of the Lord shall be saved. The word for “saved” as used here is derived from the Greek sozo, which means to deliver, or protect. Remind the Lord Jesus that
you are calling upon His Name, and you believe He will deliver and protect you from dangers satan brings against you.
Philippians 2:10 promises that EVERY created thing is destined to bow its knee to
the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ. If bullies don’t bend the knee to Jesus
now in repentance and faith, someday they will someday do it in fear of the judgment coming upon them.